Summary: The mattress you sleep on matters. Combat back pain with a mattress that is not too hard and not too soft.
There is no such thing as the perfect mattress. However, there are different mattresses with characteristics that help or hinder particular conditions. What we do know, according to the Harvard Medical School, is that changing your mattress will have a meaningful impact on your health. Of course, this is assuming that you buy the correct mattress. Here is how you pick a mattress when dealing with chronic back pain:
What to look for:
The main thing to watch out for is the firmness of the mattress. You want a mattress that is firm enough to provide support for your lower back while soft enough to contour to the shape of your body. These points apply to those who sleep on their back.
When it comes to side sleepers, the main thing to look out for a mattress that is soft enough to cushion both the hips and the shoulders.
For those who sleep on their stomach, a firm mattress is better to keep them stable. Note that most stomach sleepers do so to avoid back pain.
When dealing with lumbar discomfort, a good memory foam mattress or mattress topper can help relieve pain. There are also specific mattresses which combine memory foam and special coil springs to provide comfort as well as firmness.